An interview is an interpersonal encounter. It requires skills such as building rapport, empathy and active listening.
When designing an interview, here are some things to consider:
Sample interview schedule or guide for in-depth interviews with low-income women.
Strategies for Qualitative Interviews: https://sociology.fas.harvard.edu/files/sociology/files/interview_strategies.pdf
Designing and Conducting Semi-Structured Interviews for Research http://home.utah.edu/~u0326119/Comm4170-01/resources/Interviewguidelines.pdf
Anderson, K. and D. Jack (1991) ‘Learning to Listen: Interview Techniques and Analysis’, in S. Gluck and D. Patai (eds) Women’s Words: The Feminist Practice of Oral History. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Briggs, C.L., 1986. Learning how to ask: A sociolinguistic appraisal of the role of the interview in social science research (Vol. 1). Cambridge University Press.
DeVault, M.L. 1990. ‘Talking and Listening From Women’s Standpoint: Feminist Strategies for Interviewing and Analysis,’ Social Problems 37(1): 96–116.
Mauthner, Natasha S. and Andrew Doucet. 2003. “Reflexive Accounts and Accounts of Reflexivity in Qualitative Data Analysis,” Sociology, 37:413-31.
Mauthner, N.S., O. Parry and K. Backett-Milburn (1998) ‘“The Data are out There, or are They?” Implications for Archiving and Revisiting Qualitative Data’, Sociology, 32: 733–45.
Song, M. and I. Parker (1995) ‘Commonality, Difference, and the Dynamics of Disclosure in In-depth Interviewing,’ Sociology, 29: 241–56.
Wolf, D. (1996) ‘Situating Feminist Dilemmas in Fieldwork’, in D. Wolf (ed.) Feminist Dilemmas in Fieldwork. Boulder, CO: Westview Press