- 1. Learning Objectives
- 2. What are Research Ethics?
- 3. Research Ethics Policies
- 4. Key Principles of Research Ethics
- 5. What are Feminist Research Ethics?
- 6. Reflexivity and Self-reflexivity
- 7. Ethics of Care
- 8. Transformation
- 9. Empowerment
- 10. Decolonizing Knowledge Production
- 11. Key Strategies of Feminist Research Ethics
- 12. Review Exercise
- 13. Summary
- 14. Feedback Survey
11. Key Strategies of Feminist Research Ethics
Some of the key strategies that put into practice a feminist research ethics are:
- Exercises of reflexivity and self-reflexivity (as discussed above)
- Collaboration and consultation with participants where possible in all stages of the research process to ensure that research is designed and carried out in a way that the interests of participants are taken into account.
- Participation: enable research participants to actively engage in the knowledge production process, for example through participatory action research, disseminating knowledge in different forms beyond traditional academic texts, including through artistic mediums.
- Engaging in transnational collaborative and comparative dialogues, and alliances that seek to challenge dominant epistemologies (or ways of knowing about the world), for example, in the work of transnational feminist praxis.
In the edited collection ‘Transnational Feminist Praxis’, Amanda Lock Swarr and Richa Nagar define transnational feminist praxis as “an intersectional set of understandings, tools, and practices that can:
(a) attend to racialized, classed, masculinized, and heteronormative logics and practices of globalisation and capitalist patriarchies, and the multiple ways in which they (re)structure colonial and neo-colonial relations of domination and subordination;
(b) grapple with the complex and contradictory ways in which these processes both inform and are shaped by a range of subjectivities and understandings of individual and collective agency; and
(c) interweave critiques, actions, and self-reflexivity so as to resist a priori predictions of what might constitute feminist politics in a given place and time”
Transnational feminist praxis has been enacted through practices, such as:
- engagement with positionality and reflexivity,
- representational experiments that interrupt the researcher’s authority by incorporating multiple voices, and
- enacting accountability, for example, by sharing transcripts and writing with research participants, and engaging with issues of writing for multiple audiences, mediation, translation and reception (Nagar and Lock Swarr 2010, pp. 5, 7).
References & Resources
- Lock Swarr, A. and Nagar, R. eds., 2010. Critical Transnational Feminist Praxis. Albany: State University of New York Press.
- Sangtin Writers and Nagar, R. 2006. Playing with Fire: Feminist Thought and Activism Through Seven Lives in India, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. This book provides an example of collaborative knowledge production between feminist academics and a local women’s organisation. The video ‘Sangtin Yatra: A short introduction (2002-2010)’ provides an insight into the work involved in the work of the Sangtin Collective.
- Nagar, R. 2014. Muddying the Waters: Coauthoring Feminisms Across Scholarship and Activism. Urbana, Chicago and Springfield: University of Illinois Press. This book discusses the many ethical challenges and strategies involved in undertaking transnational feminist praxis.
- Pratt, G. in collaboration with the Philippine Women Centre of BC and Ugnayan Ng Kabataang Pilipino Sa Canada/The Filipino-Canadian Youth Alliance, 2010. Seeing Beyond the State: Toward Transnational Feminist Organizing. In A. Lock Swarr and R. Nagar, eds. Critical Transnational Feminist Praxis. Albany: State University of New York Press.
- Staeheli, L and Nagar, R. 2002. Feminists Talking across Worlds. Gender, Place & Culture, 9(2), pp. 167-172. This article discusses issues of power and reflexivity that are involved in transnational collaborative work.