(a) Using gatekeepers:
(c) Obtaining voluntary and informed consent:
For a more detailed explanation of ‘informed consent’ see Module 1: Feminist Research Ethics.
In their study on artificial reproductive technologies and commercial surrogacy in India, feminist scholars, Sarojini Nadimpally and Anindita Majumdar explain that reproductive technology providers and medical tourism agents acted as gatekeepers to women engaged in these actvities.
“Since the providers are the point of entry/access for the researchers, it is a challenge when providers are unresponsive and disinterested, or when they refer the researchers only to women users who are ‘success stories’” (2017, p. 301).
They reflected on the impact of these gatekeepers on their interactions with the women that they interviewed.
“The doctors often insisted that the interviews be conducted within the hospital premises. Similarly, the agents insisted that the interviews be conducted under their supervision or at their office or home […] In each case, the interviews had to be conducted in the presence of an agent. In these instances, we were not able to talk to the surrogates for a long duration, and such settings had an inhibiting influence on the surrogates” (2017, p. 301).
Nadimpillay, S. and Majumdar, A. 2017. Researching assisted conception from a feminist lens. In: K. Kannabiran and P. Swaminathan eds. Re-Presenting Feminist Methodologies: Interdisciplinary Explorations. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 297 – 312.